When you are writing for school essays and science, you should learn to write using positive phrasing. This means that you use the positive form of the verb rather than the words like “not” or “didn’t”. The reason is that positive language is easier and more clear. That makes it easier for people who read your writing.

Use Positive Language:

not possible / impossible
not more than / at most
did not succeed / failed
did not have / lacked
did not remember / forgot
not different from / similar to
not current / outdated
not on purpose / accidental
not unless / only if
not until / only when
not important / trivial or unimportant
not true / false or untrue
not clear / vague, ambiguous, unclear, blurred, or cloudy
did not fail / passed or succeeded
not aware / ignorant, oblivious, or unaware
not broken / fine or working
not closed / open


In another story related to autonomous automobiles Amazon has boldly announced potential and very hopeful plans to use auto-helicopter drones to deliver packages. This is a hugely ambitious, very exciting, and potentially disruptive technology that would revolutionize the delivery of physical products. Of course if approved by the aviation administration this is going to put swathes of Americans out of work. However, I assume that policymakers and government bodies are ready to deal with this type of disruption considering the Google car has received permission for testing in two states and is probably within a decade of being licensed for consumer use.

Also, it may be feasible to land helicopter in your front lawn in the Midwest or suburban America but it’s hard to see how this would be feasible in most major urban centers. I’m also curious if this will be part of Amazon prime or if it will be an additional surcharge for helicopter drone delivery.

Amazon does octocopters! (pictures)

What’s faster than next-day delivery? Try a 30-minute flight from warehouse to your door — via octocopter. That’s Jeff Bezos’ vision for the Amazon o…

Source: http://news.cnet.com/2300-1023_3-10019113.html?part=propeller&subj=news&tag=link

Here’s a fun site was very easy vocabulary quizzes and more. Basic vocabulary like foods transportation and general household items. The website also has some reading with audio and other quizzes.


Listen to today’s story on National Public Radio (NPR) and try to answer the listening questions below. This is a tough listening exercise and focuses on listening to statistics. You may have to rewind and listen to it several times in order to get all the answers.


Answer the following questions and record what time in the radio story that the answer is presented.

1. How tall is Jack Taylor?
2. Who did they play against yesterday?
3. What was Taylor’s shooting average?
4. What was the final score?
5. How many points did Jack Taylor score in the recent game?
6. What records in basketball history?
7. How many points did he average last season?
8. How many points did the team average last night?
9. Do Grinell have any “set plays?”
10. What is Grinell’s ultimate goal?
11. What is their goal this year?
12. What country would he like to play?
13. What is his major?



Wow, complicated title. I hope you understood. The title means: Most Important words in English. If you didn’t understand, it was probably the word fundamental or proficiency that caused you a problem.

Here is the point. Studies have identified the most important English words that ESL students should learn in order to have the best proficiency. Why waste your time randomly learning words when some are obviously more popular than others? Exactly. So, Michael West’s General Service List (GSL) from 1959 should give you a head-start in to learn the words that are most important. West researched and outlined the 2000 most important words for understanding 90-95% of spoken and 80-85% of common writing. Next, Averil Coxhead’s Academic Word List (AWL) contains 570 words and was recently recommended as the best secondary vocabulary list next to GSL. AWL is adapted to University level study.

These two wordlists can both be downloaded here:

GSL SITE: http://www.newgeneralservicelist.org/ (download at the top left)
GSL .xls: http://www.newgeneralservicelist.org/s/NGSL-Headwords-and-Definitions-byFreq.xls
GSL pdf file: http://www.kufs.ac.jp/nishiko/SELHi/pdf/H17_ReferenceData.pdf

AWL pdf version: http://www.englishcompanion.com/pdfDocs/acvocabulary2.pdf
AWL another pdf version: http://www.cal.org/create/conferences/2012/pdfs/handout-4-vaughn-reutebuch-cortez.pdf

Visit the following website and listen to the newscast:

** Write the answer and the time in the show when you hear the answer.

1. Where is the host?
2. Are car sales increasing or decreasing in China?
3. What is happening in South Africa?
4. Where did the large group of Chinese visit South Africa 5. What did they do there?
6. Where did South Africa add visa-processing offices?
7. Who was Cape Town’s tourism market directed at before? 8. How much have auto sales increased in China?
9. How many vehicles will they sell this year?
10. How many will be sold in the US?
11. Where is the auto show?
12. Dave Shoke says there are how many customers?
13. Are hybrid vehicles and electric technology important in China now? 14. How have SUV sales changed recently?


How is your English vocabulary? Are you ready for a really advanced test? If you think you’re ready for the challenge check out the link below.
The vocabulary test site links below has several vocabulary questions on each page and several pages of vocabulary questions. They are advanced level so good luck!

684 Vocabulary Questions | TOEIC